Saturday, March 14, 2020
The Three Best Places to Start Your Journalism Career When I was in grad school I had a part-time gopher job at the New York Daily News. But my dream was to be a reporter in a big-city newsroom, so one day I put together my best clips and walked into the office of one of the papers top editors. Id toiled at several student papers and had an internship under my belt. Id also worked part-time at a local daily paper when I was an undergrad in journalism school. So I asked her if I had what it took to get a reporting job there. No, she said. Not yet. This is the big-time, she told me. You cant afford to make mistakes here. Go and make your mistakes at a smaller paper, then come back when youre ready. She was right. Four years later I did return to the Daily News, where I worked as a reporter, Long Island bureau chief and eventually deputy national news editor. But I did so after getting solid newsroom experience at The Associated Press, experience that prepared me for the big leagues. Too many journalism school grads today want to start their careers at places like The New York Times, Politico and CNN. Its fine to aspire to work at such lofty news organizations, but at places like that, there wont be much on-the-job-training. Youll be expected to hit the ground running. Thats fine if youre a prodigy, the Mozart of journalism, but most college grads need a training ground where they can be mentored, where they can learn - and make mistakes - before they hit the big time. So heres my list of the best places to start your career in the news business. Weekly Community Papers Probably not a sexy choice, but short-staffed weeklies offer new hires the opportunity to do a little bit of everything - write and edit stories, take pictures, do layout, and so on. This gives young journalists the kind of broad newsroom experience that can be valuable later on.Ã¢â¬â¹ Small to Midsized Local Papers Local papers are great incubators for young reporters. They offer you the chance to cover all the things youll cover at bigger papers - cops, courts, local politics and the like - but in an environment where you can hone your skills. Also, good local papers will have mentors, older reporters, and editors who can help you learn the tricks of the trade. There are plenty of very good local papers out there. One example: The Anniston Star. A small-town paper in southwest Alabama may not sound like the most exciting place to start out, but The Star has long been known for solid journalism and a crusading spirit. Indeed, during the civil rights movement in the 1960s, The Star was one of few southern papers to support school integration. The states racist governor, George Wallace, nicknamed it The Red Star for its liberal stance. The Associated Press The AP is the boot camp of journalism. People in the AP will tell you that two years at the wire service is like four or five years anywhere else, and its true. Youll work harder and write more stories at the AP than in any other job. Thats because while the AP is the worlds largest news organization, individual AP bureaus tend to be small. For instance, when I worked at the Boston AP bureau we had maybe a dozen or so staffers in the newsroom on a typical weekday shift. On the other hand, The Boston Globe, the citys largest newspaper, has dozens if not hundreds of reporters and editors. Since AP bureaus are so small, AP staffers have to produce a lot of copy. While a newspaper reporter might write a story or two a day, an AP staffer might write four or five articles - or more. The result is that AP staffers are known for being able to produce clean copy on very tight deadlines. In an age when the 24/7 news cycle of the Internet has forced reporters everywhere to write fast, the kind of experience you get at the AP is highly prized. In fact, my four years at the AP got me the job at the New York Daily News.
Thursday, February 27, 2020
Tuesday, February 11, 2020
Project brief - Essay Example Project management scientists describe about various types of organization structures for the smooth project completion. In other words, there are various ways in which the people involved can be related and arranged together. The project management team has to consider the needs of the individuals and the needs of the company. For the smooth operations in carrying out a project the relationships between the people involved and their way of interactions would be planned and organized. Poorly organized team will have dysfunctional communication lines and will cause informal locus centers of power and pave way for destructional politics and will lead to total anarchy. According to Sadler1, the three tasks that are very important for project management are control, integration and the relationships. Hence, in this essay, various people involved and how they will be organized together to complete the School and Community arts center is discussed. When the community arts centre and the school are planned in the city, first there is the client and the company. The client being the Local authority, a local council and the company is the architect who is the project manager. But upon further reading we can understand that, there are more players in this project. The project requirements are building a school, day care centre and in addition a small community hall and small community arts centre. I building these 4 structures, the city council and the architect have to interact with quite number of parties such depending upon the requirements. to understand the relationships between the various parties, first we have to know the background of the project. The land for the development of the school and community hall are to be ceded to the local authority. The primary school that is to be built is going to replace an existing primary school. When the developers want
Friday, January 31, 2020
Poetry Ducle Et Decorum Est Essay Wilfred Owen was a poet born in 1893, and the poem Dulce et Decorum Est was probably his most famous one. Owen wrote this poem in hospital after suffering from both physical and mental injuries of the First World War. Having experienced war himself, he had a realistic view of the war and tried to convey this to others before he died at twenty-five years old. Dulce et Decorum Est focuses on a gas attack, and portrays that war is not honourable and sweet, as the title suggests in Latin. The poem begins by describing the physical state of the soldiers. The poet uses similes to convey the ill-health of the men. The soldiers are described as being Ã¢â¬Å"Bent double, like old beggarsÃ¢â¬ which characterizes soldiers as being prematurely old, and extremely weak for their young age. Metaphors are also used to draw attention to their weak state of mind, Ã¢â¬Å"Men marched asleepÃ¢â¬ is used to imply the exhaustion of the fighters, not only the soldiers are here physically but suggests also as they are mentally and Ã¢â¬Å"Drunk with fatigueÃ¢â¬ . The poet uses the personification of bombs when he writes Ã¢â¬Å"disappointed shellsÃ¢â¬ which suggests the soldiers from the enemy side had thrown bombs and grenades unsuccessfully. This implies that in war, soldiers had a lot of chances to be bombed easily. From the second stanza, we experience war through the naked eyes of a soldier during a sudden gas attack. The tone of the poem changes from a pessimistic calm with the slow walk of soldiers through the Ã¢â¬Å"sludgeÃ¢â¬ to a tone of panic due to the gas attack. Ã¢â¬Å"GAS! Gas! Quick, boys! Ã¢â¬ these exclamatory sentences create urgency, which shows how the soldiers had to live in fear every day. From the gas attack, the poet uses again a personification by using Ã¢â¬Å"clumsy helmetsÃ¢â¬ to explain that the gas masks provided were inefficient, and that soldiers almost had no chance of surviving. During that time, the simile Ã¢â¬Å"floundering like a man in fire or limeÃ¢â¬ is used to show a panicking soldier because gas has got infected his body. This creates a sense of pity because the soldier sees his comrade die in front of him, through the Ã¢â¬Å"misty panesÃ¢â¬ which are the masks. From this, readers understand that war doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t only have physical effects, but also terrible mental effects. The emotional impact of war is well shown in OwenÃ¢â¬â¢s poem when in the third stanza, he describes how in all his Ã¢â¬Å"dreamsÃ¢â¬ , he sees his Ã¢â¬Å"friendÃ¢â¬ who died Ã¢â¬Å"guttering, chocking, drowningÃ¢â¬ . These three verbs are used as the rule of three, they all are connotations of suffering and death. The fact that he couldnÃ¢â¬â¢t help this Ã¢â¬Å"helplessÃ¢â¬ soldier because gas had already got into his body haunts him every night since. When Owen describes the death of his mates in war, he remembers how badly treated they looked and he uses negative connotations to show that seeing these images hurt him mentally. Owen writes about his friend having a Ã¢â¬Å"hanging faceÃ¢â¬ which suggests that he was exhausted, and uses the simile Ã¢â¬Å"like a devilÃ¢â¬â¢s sick of himÃ¢â¬ that implies Owen comparing his comradeÃ¢â¬â¢s face to a devilÃ¢â¬â¢s appearance. Seeing his partner suffering, the poet uses the verb Ã¢â¬Å"garglingÃ¢â¬ to define his Ã¢â¬ forth-corrupted lungsÃ¢â¬ . These words submit a sense of sound in the poem which is another way the poet has created pity and also put forward the fact that soldiers die in horrific conditions. On the next line, two similes are used to explain how Owen felt by the scene at this time. Obscene as cancerÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"bitter as the cudÃ¢â¬ both suggest death and the darkness of war. Ã¢â¬Å"Of vile, incurable sores on innocent tonguesÃ¢â¬ shows it is unfair that young soldiers have to live in this misery, instead of having a normal and pleasant life. Readers obviously imagine after this stanza, the memories the survivors still have in their mind is most of the time worth dying, and this affects readers to feel some pity for these young men. In the very last stanza, Wilfred Owen involves the reader by using the second person. If you could hearÃ¢â¬ reminds the sound sense again but also asks readers between the lines : if you were in this situation, how would you react. Talking directly to the readers gives a bigger chance to Owen to emphazize pity in his poem. He continues with Ã¢â¬Å"My friend, you would not tell with such a high zest to childrenÃ¢â¬ to create guilt in the readers minds, because soldiers were highly encouraged or even forced to go to war by propaganda and the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s government. All the people who pushed young men to go to war by saying how great and adventurous it is feel guilty in this last stanza. The word Ã¢â¬Å"ChildrenÃ¢â¬ also emphazises pity, and points out that Owen has himself been a kid pushed to war and now as a survivor knows the lies behind it. In my opinion, I think that this poem was directed to all the people who formed propaganda for war, but it was also written to tell young men who were going to war in the future aware of the reality. In the end, after pointing out that society shouldnÃ¢â¬â¢t lie about war, and after earing that these children desire glory, he states Ã¢â¬Å"The old Lie: Dulce and decorum est pro patria moriÃ¢â¬ , which is the title of the poem. Here, Wilfred Owen made a rime, and he also has used irony in this one sentence. This whole poem is about expressing how bad war is and when he writes this which means Ã¢â¬Ëit is honourable and sweet to die for your countryÃ¢â¬â¢ in Latin perfectly summarises the poem using irony. From this poem, I can obviously see that, after years, Owen still suffers from the physical and mental injuries that war caused him. Lots of strong words have been used by the poet to express what it was like and how he felt, which creates pity in the readers mind. I find Wilfred Owen very brave and courageous for writing this poem that explains how millions of young soldiers have felt, being in war.
Wednesday, January 22, 2020
Existentialism Existentialism is a philosophical movement that stresses individual existence. Human beings are totally free and responsible for their own acts. Another main idea of existentialism is the limitation of reason and the irreducibility of experience to any system. Man is not a detached observer of the world; rather, he "exists" in a special sense - he is "in the world." Stones, trees, and other objects do not share this existence, and man is open to the world and the objects in it. There is no set limit to how many choices man must make, and no particular set of rules or values one must follow. Rather, there is simply a framework in which action and choice are to be viewed, implying that there are right and wrong ways of choosing, although the individual is still completely free. First, it has been charged with inviting people to remain in a kind of desperate quietism because, since no solutions are possible, existentialists should have to consider action in this world as quite impossible. Existentialists should then end up in a philosophy of contemplation; and since contemplation is a luxury, it must evolve into a bourgeois philosophy. The communists in particular have made these charges. On the other hand, existentialists have been charged with dwelling on human degradation, with pointing up everywhere the sordid, shady, and slimy, and neglecting the gracious and beautiful, the bright side of human nature; for example, with forgetting the smile of the child. Both sides charge them with having ignored human solidarity, with considering man as an isolated being. The communists say that the main reason for this is that existentialists take pure subjectivity, the Cartesian I think, as their starting point; i... ... time, the image is valid for everybody and for our whole age. Thus, our responsibility is much greater than we might have supposed, because it involves all mankind. If I am a workingman and choose to join a Christian trade-union rather than be a communist, and if by being a member I want to show that the best thing for man is resignation, that the kingdom of man is not of this world, I am not only involving my own case-I want to be resigned for everyone. As a result, my action has involved all humanity. To take a more individual matter, if I want to marry, to have children; even if this marriage depends solely on my own circumstances or passion or wish, I am involving all humanity in monogamy and not merely myself. Therefore, I am responsible for myself and for everyone else. I am creating a certain image of man of my own choosing. In choosing myself, I choose man.
Tuesday, January 14, 2020
Tipping point has been the most talked about advert of recent times, partly to do with the amount of money spent on it but mostly due to the amount of props and effects used. In this review I will analyse various aspects of the ad including camera work, colour, setting, props and actors. One of the many shots used is the close up which emphasises certain aspects of the ad. The close up is used at the start to show the man's hand just before he pushes over the dominoes, this emphasises the importance of that particular action and it undoubtedly draws the viewer's attention to it. Another close up is also used later on in the ad to highlight certain expressions on people's faces & this changes the mood and the momentum of the ad. Alongside the close ups, the long shot has also been utilised in order to provide a panoramic view & also gives the exact position of the object or character in relation to the surroundings. The two shots mentioned above effectively communicate the mood and body language of the characters thereby igniting the interest of the viewers whilst making them more inquisitive. As far as the colour is concerned the ad is given a time effect where the hues of the objects & buildings appear faded and worn out & makes the audience trace the product advertised to its origin. It also conveys that the product has a long lasting relationship with the audience & has been a part & parcel of their daily lives. Colours affect our moods and help us visualise the situation. Using right colours and tones leaves a lasting effect on viewers' mind which eventually results in them contemplating the purchase. The colours used are also quite dull which wouldn't normally be associated with modern life therefore showing that the product has a history of serving the audience i.e. in the olden days. Setting is very crucial to the character of the product. It helps viewers identify themselves with the product and creates a sense of belonging and pride in being associated with the product. The setting seems to be in an old foreign village which might indicate that the product has reached out to people in other parts of the world and this may portray the product as being well known so people might want to try it. The setting may also invoke a sense of belonging as the village and its people are seem to be of a certain mould who are linked to the product, the audience may be drawn towards the product because of this. The props which have been chosen also play an important role in making the ad a success. They have been particularly chosen because they represent the characters' lifestyles which seem to very ordinary and basic i.e. plain cardboard boxes have been used which indicates the simplicity of the village. However despite this simplicity the product seems to be an integral part of their lifestyle and I feel the props have been selected to contrast with the big glass of Guinness at the end which is far from simple in terms of size and colour. Apart from these points, the undoubtedly most significant factor is the domino effect which the ad itself revolves around. The domino effect provides the excitement in the ad and its perfect synchronisation intrigues the viewer as well as making the ad memorable, therefore embedding an image of the product in the viewers' minds. Another aspect of the advert is the actors whose reactions and expressions provide the excitement and a sense of fun. The actors more or less react to the events in a similar way however they are all doing their own thing whether it is working in bakery or looking after the livestock. The idea behind this is to show that no matter what type of person or profession Guinness is something all the locals have in common; they all cheer together when the domino effect is happening and also rejoice in sync as the glass of Guinness is Ã¢â¬Å"filledÃ¢â¬ . As well as the setting, the actors also contribute to a sense of belonging which attracts the viewer and makes them try the product. Also, the characters have been portrayed in such a way which makes them seem as they to some extent worship the product which may represent the love for Guinness buyers have around the world. Having reviewed and analysed the different features of the ad I believe that the its success has been largely due to the domino effect shown in the ad this has made the ad memorable and eye-catching. However, other factors like colour and setting have also made the ad a wonder. I am confident that applying these features to our adverts will surely increase the popularity of our product amongst the public.
Monday, January 6, 2020
In Albert CamusÃ¢â¬â¢ The Stranger, Meursault is seen as a very unique character, but not in a good way. Throughout the novel, he continually fails to show normal human emotions to things like his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s death, MarieÃ¢â¬â¢s love, and the man he killed. Most people in his town, along with the reader at first, are not able to reason out his actions but as the final events of the novel unfold, the reader begins to see Meursault in a different light. The novel starts out with Meursault getting a telegram saying that his mother had died. He takes time off work to go to her funeral and completely fail to show the emotion that the reader expects to see of a son towards his recently passed mother. First and foremost, when he arrives, the coffin isÃ¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦The chaplain comes to see Meursault against MeursaultÃ¢â¬â¢s own wishes and the chaplain tells him that he should turn to God for comfort in his final days. Meursault does not believe in God and he tells this to the chaplain. The chaplain seems so sure about everything in life and about everything that will happen but to Meursault, the only certainty is that everybody dies. If it does not happen today, it will happen tomorrow, and if not tomorrow, then the day after. Life is indifferent to everybody and nothing in it is important unless the person makes it important. There are no pre-set values that everyone must believe in when they are born. The choices a person makes are what define him because existence precedes essence. If someone chooses to value love, then it is important to him or her and he or she should care about it. If someone chooses to believe in God, then He is only important to him or her and only he or she should care about Him. The reason that he did not cry at his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s funeral is because he does not believe that this is the appropriate reaction since everybody dies at one point or another. The reason that he said that he probably does not love Marie an d that it is not important, is because he does not have love as one of his values; therefore, he should not care about that emotion. Finally, the reason he did not show remorse for killing the Arab is because he did not feel that emotion. What Meursault does value is the truth. HeShow MoreRelatedThe Stranger by Camus1492 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesChristine Walsh Mr. Adams Period 7 AP Language Composition September 17, 2012 Ã¢â¬Å"Everything is true and nothing is true!Ã¢â¬ : MeursaultÃ¢â¬â¢s Plague with Human Absurdity in CamusÃ¢â¬â¢s The Stranger In accordance with natural human behavior, we feel as though for every action there is a reaction, as well as a reason. We vie to inject logic inside our world because to accept the idea that there is not rationale for anything, including our own existence, is unthinkable. This idea that we unawarely manufactureRead MoreSummary Of The Stranger By Albert Camus1039 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesMy silent sustained reading book is The Stranger written by Albert Camus. It was first published by Hamish Hamilton in 1946. Even though the story was written eight decades ago, the message Camus was trying to convey is still pliable to current day. The novel starts off with the narrator, Guy Meursault, just receiving news of his motherÃ¢â¬â¢s passing and her funeral that takes place the following day. Meursault shows no signs of remorse over losing his own mother and even refuses to look at his ownRead MoreCrime and Punishment vs. The Stranger1438 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThroughout the novels Crime and Punishment by Fyodor Dostoevsky and The Stranger by Albert Camus, sun, heat, and light play a significant role in the development and understanding of the novel and the characters in it. Upon the initial reading of The Stranger, the reader may have a general acknowledgment of a relationship between the novelÃ¢â¬â¢s protagonist, Mersault, and the sun and heat, either proceeding or following one of the novels significant events. What is harder to understand on the first readRead MoreHow to Accept Death in The Stranger by Albert Camus2492 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesthat every person must deal with at least once in their life. The idea of how to accept death can be different for every person. No one deals with death in the same way. Many award winning novels like, The Stranger and Tuesdays With Morrie have a common theme of how to accept death and the changes that come along with it. Many Emily Dickinson poems also have a common theme of accepting death. All of these literary works have a common theme, but the theme is portrayed very differently. The charactersRead MoreStranger2325 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesDiscussion Questions for The Stranger (1946); translated by Matthew Ward, 1988. Part One Chapter 1. 1. How does Camus set up Meursaults personality -- how does Meursault respond to others conversation, to ordinary social situations, and to the death of his mother? 2. On page 10, Meursault says that at the viewing of his mother, he felt as if the elderly people there were judging him. Offer a conjecture about why he might have had that feeling. (It is worth paying attention to such references to